Class FirstOrderConverter

  extended by org.jscience.mathematics.analysis.ode.FirstOrderConverter
All Implemented Interfaces:

public class FirstOrderConverter
extends java.lang.Object
implements FirstOrderDifferentialEquations

This class converts second order differential equations to first order ones.

This class is a wrapper around a SecondOrderDifferentialEquations which allow to use a FirstOrderIntegrator to integrate it.

The transformation is done by changing the n dimension state vector to a 2n dimension vector, where the first n components are the initial state variables and the n last components are their first time derivative. The first time derivative of this state vector then really contains both the first and second time derivative of the initial state vector, which can be handled by the underlying second order equations set.

One should be aware that the data is duplicated during the transformation process and that for each call to computeDerivatives, this wrapper does copy 4n scalars : 2n before the call to computeSecondDerivatives in order to dispatch the y state vector into z and zDot, and 2n after the call to gather zDot and zDDot into yDot. Since the underlying problem by itself perhaps also needs to copy data and dispatch the arrays into domain objects, this has an impact on both memory and CPU usage. The only way to avoid this duplication is to perform the transformation at the problem level, i.e. to implement the problem as a first order one and then avoid using this class.

See Also:
FirstOrderIntegrator, FirstOrderDifferentialEquations, SecondOrderDifferentialEquations

Constructor Summary
FirstOrderConverter(SecondOrderDifferentialEquations equations)
          Simple constructor.
Method Summary
 void computeDerivatives(double t, double[] y, double[] yDot)
          Get the current time derivative of the state vector.
 int getDimension()
          Get the dimension of the problem.
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Detail


public FirstOrderConverter(SecondOrderDifferentialEquations equations)
Simple constructor. Build a converter around a second order equations set.

equations - second order equations set to convert
Method Detail


public int getDimension()
Description copied from interface: FirstOrderDifferentialEquations
Get the dimension of the problem.

Specified by:
getDimension in interface FirstOrderDifferentialEquations
dimension of the problem


public void computeDerivatives(double t,
                               double[] y,
                               double[] yDot)
                        throws DerivativeException
Description copied from interface: FirstOrderDifferentialEquations
Get the current time derivative of the state vector.

Specified by:
computeDerivatives in interface FirstOrderDifferentialEquations
t - current value of the independant time variable
y - array containing the current value of the state vector
yDot - placeholder array where to put the time derivative of the state vector
DerivativeException - this exception is propagated to the caller if the underlying user function triggers one